Category Archives: English Lesson

Tenses: Past Simple Tense

Note:

This posting is intended to teach myself in English. It is taken from learn-english-today.com

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I played
You played
He/she/it played
We played
They played
I did not playI didn’t play
You did not playYou didn’t play
He/she/it did not playHe/she/it didn’t play
We did not playWe didn’t play
They did not playThey didn’t play
Did I play?
Did you play?
Did he/she/it play?
Did we play?
Did they play?

Description:

  • The Past Simple tense of regular verbs is formed by adding –ed to the infinitive :
    (example:  Infinitive : to play         Past Simple :  I played.)
  • The auxiliary did is used to form the negative and interrogative forms
  • For irregular verbs, please see the irregular verbs table

The Past Simple is used to talk about finished actions in a finished period of time.

More Examples

  1. Yesterday evening, I played tennis with a friend.
  2. In 2005, I started taking tennis lessons.
  3. When I was at school, I hated history.
  4. Five minutes ago, I finished the report for my boss.
  5. Last week I attended a meeting in Tokyo
  6. Yesterday evening I went to the cinema with a friend.
  7. From 1995 to 1998 I worked in Tokyo.
  8. Last night the concert finished at midnight.
  9. I arrived at the office this morning before my colleagues.
  10. When he was young, Tom rode a bicycle to school.
  11. The train was at 8 p.m. so I left home at 7 p.m.
  12. Last Sunday was my mother’s birthday, so I made a cake.
  13. I started to play golf five years ago.
  14. The great composer Mozart died at the age of 35.
  15. Julie did a lot of English exercises last week.

Tenses: Present Continuous Tense

Note:

This posting is intended to teach myself in English. It is taken from learn-english-today.com

 

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I am playing
You are playing
He/she/it is playing
We are playing
They are playing
I am not playingI’m not playing
You are not playingYou’re not playing
He/she/it is not playingHe/she/it’s not playing
We are not playingWe’re not playing
You are not playingYou’re not playing
They are not playingThey’re not playing
Am I playing?
Are you playing?
Is he/she/it playing?
Are we playing?
Are they playing?

 

The Present Continuous is used :

  1. To talk about continuous activities :
    1. at the time of speaking :
      I am reading this page now.
    2. around now, in a more general sense :
      I am learning English this year
  2. To talk about planned future arrangements :
    • Next month I am spending my holidays in Australia. I have already booked my flight.
    • Our neighbours are coming to dinner tomorrow. They have accepted our invitation.

More Examples

  1. Every day Julie takes the bus to go to her office.
  2. At the moment you are doing an English exercise.
  3. Tom and Julie are learning English this year.
  4. The Bank opens at 9.30 every morning from Monday to Friday.
  5. Our cousins are coming to see us next Sunday.
  6. Tom reads the newspaper every morning on the train.
  7. Julie usually cleans the house on Saturdays.
  8. At the moment she is writing a letter to a client.
  9. Julie speaks three languages : English, French and Spanish.
  10. Today is Sunday. Tom and Julie are relaxing in their garden.

Tenses: Present Simple Tense

Note:

This posting is intended to teach myself in English. It is taken from learn-english-today.com

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I play
You play
He/she/it plays
We play
They play
I do not playI don’t play
You do not playYou don’t play
He/she/it does not playHe/she/it doesn’t play
We do not playWe don’t play
They do not playThey don’t play
Do I play?
Do you play?
Does he/she/it play?
Do we play?
Do they play?

 

The Present Simple is used :

  1. To talk about regular activities, routine, habits:
    • John plays tennis once a week.
    • We start work at 9 a.m. every day.
    • Mary eats fish on Fridays.
  2. To talk about tastes:
    • Peter likes Chinese food.
    • Julie doesn’t like fish.
    • Their children love chocolate.
  3. To talk about facts:
    • The sun rises in the east
    • In Europe, the weather is cold in winter.
    • Authors write books.

More examples

  1. The film starts every day at 8 p.m.
  2. The children drink milk with their meals.
  3. Cats generally sleep a lot.
  4. Julie writes a letter to her mother once a week.
  5. Tom and Julie live in a big city in the centre of the country.
  6. Tourists go to Egypt to see the pyramids.
  7. Jimmy always takes the bus to go to school.
  8. We all know that children like sweets.
  9. Anne thinks it’s a good idea to do English exercises.
  10. If you want to be healthy, you must eat good food.